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The rise of artificial intelligence, particularly ChatGPT, is reshaping perceptions of creativity, challenging the notion that only humans possess artistic originality.

AI machine learning models outperform humans in creativity

In a recent experiment, ChatGPT-4 demonstrated remarkable performance in standardized tests evaluating creative potential, competing against 151 human participants. These tests assessed divergent thinking, a key aspect of creativity involving the generation of multiple unique solutions to problems. This challenges the traditional belief that such creative thinking is solely a human trait.

The research involved tasks assessing creative thinking such as the Alternative Uses Task, Consequences Task, and Divergent Associations Task. Results show that GPT-4 outperformed humans in generating more original and detailed responses.

According to researchers from the University of Arkansas, GPT-4 outperformed humans in divergent thinking tasks, showcasing greater originality and complexity, even after adjusting for response fluency. This suggests that GPT-4 possesses elevated creative potential across various divergent thinking tasks.

AI demonstrates superior divergent thinking and creativity compared to humans in certain aspects. Evaluation was done quantitatively using metrics such as semantic distance scoring to measure originality and breadth of ideas generated.

Freedom from real-world limitations gives AI creative advantage over humans

The study focuses on measures of creative potential, noting that participation in creative activities or achievements is also crucial for assessing creativity. The researchers suggest that AI’s creative advantage may arise from its freedom from real-world limitations, contrasting with human constraints. They stress the rapid progress and surprising capabilities of large language models surpassing human abilities in novel areas.

According to doctoral students Kent Hubert and Kim Awa, AI lacks agency and relies on human intervention for creativity. They suggest that AI’s creative potential remains stagnant without human input but foresee a future where AI can serve as both inspiration and a tool to enhance creativity and challenge conventional thinking.

The authors suggest that the combination of human intuition, emotional depth, and AI’s computational creativity could revolutionize various fields, including arts and science, in the digital age. This research is documented in the journal Scientific Reports.