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In the past, research has shown that spanking produces negative behavior in children like distraction and aggression. However, a recent study has indicated that verbal reasoning, which involves explaining the negative effects of their negative action, may not always produce the intended results. This is according to a study conducted by the University of Michigan. The research found that verbal reasoning may produce negative results, especially if the parent is abrupt and loud.

The research uncovered a mix of positive and negative outcomes that could impact how parents and educators approach children’s emotional development. According to the report, verbal reasoning helps develop higher levels of getting along with others. It, however, increased the level of distraction.

“It’s more likely that the long-term investments that parents make in children, such as spending time with them, letting them know they are loved, and listening to them have more positive effects than nonviolent discipline,” said Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, professor of social work and lead author of the study.

It has been proven that spanking leads to negative behavior in children like a distraction, withdrawal, and aggregation. These negative outcomes may manifest in various degrees depending on neighborhood, race and ethnicity, and country of origin.

Researchers from the University of Michigan’s Ann Arbor and Flint campuses studied various forms of punishment to discipline children in around 216,000 families from 62 countries.

This study also confirmed that spanking causes children to have issues getting along with others. Spanking also led to increased levels of distraction and aggression. Researchers also found that verbal reasoning did enhance one positive trait, making children more prosocial with their peers.

Contrary to general expectation, researchers found that verbal reasoning also increased the level of aggression. This is common in cases where parents use harsh and touch-tone and language.

The study found that when parents withdraw privileges, children show high levels of aggression and find it hard to get along well. Because of this, Grogan-Kaylor says parents should consider providing their children with a structured parenting style with open communication.