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Researchers from the Anglia Ruskin University in the United Kingdom found that bisexual and homosexual employees earn less than their heterosexual colleagues. This discrimination is despite the Equality Act passed in the U.K in 202, which aims to prevent discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender in the workplace. The research also covers the U.S and Australia.

To come to this conclusion, researchers examined 24 studies that were published between 2024 and 2020. They found that homosexual and bisexual men and women earn less than their straight colleagues.

When they looked at the U.K, the U.S and Australia, researchers found that they earn about 6.8% less than heterosexual individuals. Bisexual men earned about 10.3% less than straight men, while bisexual women earned 5.1% less than straight women. Lesbians were an exception to the rule, with lesbians making about 7.1% more than their heterosexual colleagues.

Researchers focused on the pay disparity in the U.K and found that bisexual and gay men earned 4.7% less than heterosexual male colleagues. In the U.S, they collectively earned 10.9% less.

According to Professor Nick Drydakis, the lead author of the study and the Director of the Centre for Pluralists Economics at the university, the discrimination of gay men and bisexual men and women is concerning. The law should ensure that people in the workplace are not discriminated against based on their gender or sexual orientation.

He adds that underrepresented groups should also be encouraged to apply for promotions or jobs. Employers should also be given support to members of the LGBTIQ+ to ensure they are treated fairly and can raise concerns when they are not.

This study is not the first time the issue has been raised. In 2016, another research found that gay men and transgender men and women earned significantly less than their colleagues. The study conducted by the Williams Institute found that bisexual and gay men made about 10%-32% less than heterosexual men. The gap was even worse for transgender women whose pay lessened after their transitions. However, male transgender employees found that their pay increased after they transitioned.