Researchers have found a prehistoric skull in Israel. According to scientists, this recently found species had big teeth, no chin and a flat head. The hominin was named Nesher Ramla after the site scientists found the skull.
Nesher Ramla might have mated with Homo sapiens
According to a study co-author and professor, Israel Hershkovitz, a different human species, lived in Israel approximately 140,000 years ago. This species is believed to have mated with Homo Sapiens 200,000 years ago. Scientists think that Nesher Ramla could be that species.
Hershkovitz adds that the species share some common characteristics with Neanderthals, such as the teeth and jaws. They also share the skull of the early humans. However, the structures differ from those of modern humans as they have no chin, have large skulls and big teeth.
Scientists used the remains to create a 3D reconstruction.
Two homo groups might have lived together for more than 100,000 years, about 200,000 to 100,000 years ago. From fossils gathered in a cave near Misliya, scientists believe Nesher Ramla and Homo sapiens both lived in the region. Other fossils found in Israel do not belong to early humans but instead mixed Nesher Ramla and Homo sapiens lineage.
Prof. Rolf Quam, co-author and anthropologist from Binghamton University, explains that Netherlands features are often found in old fossils in Western Europe. As a result, most scientists assume that is where Neanderthals came from. However, different species migrating from the Middle East into Europe might have provided a genetic pool for Neanderthals in the course of evolution. Other Neanderthal groups even carried the Homo Sapiens genes before they reached Europe. Scientists believe that human evolution might have come about from contact with other human populations.
Nesher Ramla lived in the Middle Pleistocene period
Scientists used a computer software program to compare the bones to other hominins from Africa, Europe and Asia. Results indicated Nesher Ramla was among the late survivors of a group that lived in the Middle Pleistocene period.
Scientists in the past believe Neanderthals came from Europe, with some coming from the Middle East. However, it is more likely that different species moved in and out of the Middle East and exchanged genes with the local inhabitants.